CMP 060 – Burns

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THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF BURNS:

  • First-degree burns (superficial burns) are mild compared to other burns. They cause  pain and reddening of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin).
  • Second-degree burns (partial thickness burns) affect the epidermis and the dermis (lower layer of skin). They cause pain, redness, swelling, and blistering.
  • Third-degree burns (full thickness burns) go through the dermis and affect deeper tissues. They result in white or blackened, charred skin that may be numb.
  • Fourth-degree burns go even deeper than third-degree burns and can affect your muscles and bones. Nerve endings are also damaged or destroyed, so there’s no feeling in the burned area.

FIRST-DEGREE BURNS:

  • Red, painful skin
  • No blisters

SECOND-DEGREE BURNS:

  • Red, painful skin
  • Blisters
  • Swelling

THIRD-DEGREE BURNS:

  • White, black, deep red or charred skin
  • May be painful but could be numb

FOURTH-DEGREE BURNS:

  • No feeling in the area
  • Destroyed skin tissue, fat, muscle and possibly bone

BURN TREATMENT DEPENDS ON THE TYPE OF BURN.

  • First-degree burns can usually be treated with skin care products like aloe vera cream or an antibiotic ointment and pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol).
  • Second-degree burns may be treated with an antibiotic cream or other creams or ointments prescribed by a doctor.
  • Third-degree and fourth-degree burns may need more intensive treatments such as intravenous (IV) antibiotics to prevent infection or IV fluids to replace fluids lost when skin was burned. They may also need skin grafting or the use of synthetic skin.

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